Schutzhund Training Involves Tracking, Obedience and Protection

The word “Schutzhund” exactly translated from German to English means “Protection Dog.” This literal translation is somewhat misleading, as there is much more to Schutzhund than just protection.

Today, in the United States, Schutzhund is a fast-growing, competitive sport. In Europe, SchH (the abbreviation for Schutzhund) has been a popular sport since the early 1900’s. Schutzhund was originally a test to determine which German Shepherds were quality dogs for breeding purposes in Germany. Today, SchH is that and much, much more. It still gives us the ability to test our dogs to determine if the temperament is correct and to also view their working ability. It is also a highly competitive sport which is maintained by the efforts of teamwork between the handler and his/her dog. Schutzhund is designed for the dogs with working ability. However, it is not restricted to any particular group or breed of dog. The United Schutzhund Clubs of America, primarily a German Shepherd organization, does recognize all breeds capable of doing SchH work.

Schutzhund training and showing involves three phases: Tracking, Obedience and Protection. There are three SchH levels one can achieve with his/her dog: SchH I (considered the novice level), SchH II (the intermediate), and SchH III (the advanced level). Each handler and his dog start out in each phase with 100 points. From there, points are to be deducted by the presiding judge according to the point system, providing the dog/handler team errors. A total perfect score is 300. In order for a person and his dog to achieve any one of the SchH degrees, the team together must achieve at least 70 points or better in tracking and obedience and at least 80 points or better in protection. If these minimum scores are not received, a SchH degree cannot be awarded to the participating dog/handler team. The requirements that a dog/handler team must fulfill become progressively more difficult from the SchH I level to the SchH III level.

Tracking is a development of a dog’s natural abilities and instincts. It helps to build confidence within the dog. The dog must use his nose in locating a track laid either by his handler or a stranger and also have the ability to discover various articles dropped along the track. The track length, the age of the track, the number of articles and the size of the articles depend on the level of the SchH degree.

Obedience makes a dog a more enjoyable companion and also makes him more reliable in everyday situations. SchH obedience judges a handler and his dog as a team. The team is required to do various exercises, depending on the SchH degree one is attempting to earn.

Protection, as trained for Schutzhund requires that the dog have a reliable temperament and show courage without viciousness. It is an advanced and complex training wherein the dog must make his own decision and use his judgment. The “bad guy,” known as the agitator or helper in the sport, is required to wear protective pants and a special sleeve covered with burlap for the dog to bite. The dog must bite correctly or he will lose points. The dog must be trained to release his bite. A dog can fail if he consistently does not release his bite when commanded.

If you are interested in Schutzhund, ask around you! Every handler and owner is proud of every title his dog has achieved and can tell you what a feeling of accomplishment it is to earn a Schutzhund title with his/her dog.

Schutzhund Titles

Schutzhund offers three levels of titles, and there are three phases to each title. One must obtain a passing score in all three phases in order to obtain a title, and be able to advance to the next training level.

The titles are:

  • Sch H I (novice)
  • Sch H II (intermediate)
  • Sch H III (master level)

There is also an advanced tracking degree offered, FH.

 

The sport is designated for all athletic dogs with correct working abilities and is not restricted to a particular group or breed of dog. Schutzhund is now the fasted growing Dog Sport in North America!

 

Schutzhund Training Phases

For each of the three titles already discussed above, there are three distinct phases: tracking, obedience, and protection.

 

Tracking

In this phase, the dog must draw from inherited abilities by using his/her nose to find a person’s track and discover articles that have been dropped along the way. Depending upon the title sought, all tracks will vary in length, shape and age. Tracking is usually done in dirt or on grass. A perfect score is 100 points, with a minimum of 70 needed to pass.

 

Obedience

The obedience phase involves numerous and demanding exercises which include heeling on and off leash, a gunfire test, walking through a group of people, motion exercises, recall, a 10-20 minute long down, retrieving, and jumping. A set pattern is demonstrated by the handler from memory (unlike AKC obedience, where the judge calls the pattern for you). A perfect score is 100 points, with 70 needed to pass.

 

Protection

This phase of Schutzhund training is very intricate, advanced, and taught with control in mind. It should not be confused or compared in any way with guard dog or police protection training. A dog competing in the sport of Schutzhund must always prove to have a reliable temperament and must show courage without viciousness. The “bad guy” or “helper” as he is known in the sport always wears protective leather pants and a special sleeve with a burlap cover. The dog is allowed to bite this sleeve and he must bite this in the correct manner. On command, the dog MUST release the bite. A dog will fail if it does not release the bite when commanded to do so. A perfect score is 100 points, with 80 points needed to pass.

 

The Exercises

Many people view the sport of Schutzhund like preparing for an Olympic Event. One must see their dog as an athlete and learn all the aspects of conditioning, proper diet, and the psychology of it all — for one’s self as well as for the dog.

 

Only dogs that appear healthy can be exhibited in a trial. Before being permitted to participate in a trial, each dog must pass a test of impartiality and sureness. The testing is performed prior to the Tracking phase which is the first phase of the trial. Testing of the self confidence will take place during the entire trial. Dogs who fail the of self confidence or impartiality are to be excused from the trial proceedings.

 

Before any dog can enter a Schutzhund trial and obtain a degree it must pass a ( BH ) . BH = German Companion Dog. The dog must pass this test at an approved Schutzhund Trial. This test was developed as a preliminary character evaluation. This test was designed to keep aggressive, sharp, shy, or nervous dogs from participating in the sport. A dog must have absolutely sound temperament to compete in a Schutzhund trial.

 

There are three major degrees awarded: SchH-I, SchH-II, and SchH-III – in order of increasing difficulty. The traits that make for a good Schutzhund candidate mostly are innate characteristics that must be bred for. Even among dogs bred out of Schutzhund bitches and dogs, a minority have the ability to reach even SchH-I, and a small percentage will have the necessary drive, intelligence and hardness to achieve a SchH-III title.

 

The above degrees were difficult enough, but to make it even more demanding, they all happen in one day during competitions that are held all over the country. These trials are held by local clubs or in regional and national championships. Each dog is judged by a complex point system that then determines the winner of the trial.

 

Schutzhund training is very time consuming and requires a lot of commitment from the handler. The length of time it takes to get a Schutzhund title varies greatly depending upon the dogs abilities, the time spent training, and the quality of the training.

 

This working dog sport offers an opportunity for dog owners to train their dog and compete with each other for recognition of both the handler’s ability to train and the dog’s ability to perform as required. Schutzhund as a sport is enjoyed by persons of varied ages, professions and life styles.

 

Schutzhund is an active sport that has a lot to offer. It’s held outdoors. It’s a physical sport. It’s mentally stimulating. Schutzhund is a demanding recreational sport that is both fun and very rewarding.

 

Degree Levels – Minimum Age Requirements

FH -16 months

SchH A -14 months

SchH I -14 months

SchH II -16 months

SchH III -18 months

 

Ratings and Point Scores

N – Not Acceptable (0 – 109 points)

U – Unsatisfactory (110 – 219 points)

S – Satisfactory (220 – 239 points)

G – Good (240 – 269 points)

SG- Very Good (270 – 285 points)

V – Excellent (286 – 300 points)

 

Awards for Combativeness including Courage and Hardness are:

P – Pronounced ( Ausgepraegt )

S – Satisfactory ( Vorhanden )

I – Insufficient ( Nicht Genugend )

 

SchH I

Part A -Tracking (100 Points)

Search for articles on a track from 400-500 paces long, 20 minutes old, laid by the handler.

 

Part B -Obedience (100 Points)

1. Heeling on Lead (15 Points)

2. Heeling off Lead (15 Points)

3. Walking Sit (10 Points)

4. Walking down with Recall (10 Points)

5. Retrieve on Flat Ground (10 Points)

6. Retrieving an Object over a Hurdle 1 Meter High (39 Inches) and 1.5 Meters Wide (59 Inches) (20 Points)

7. Go out with Down (10 Points)

8. Down Under Distraction (10 Points)

 

Part C -Protection (100 Points)

1. Hold and Bark (5 Points)

2. Attack on the Handler (30 Points)

3. Follow and Hold (Courage Test) (55 Points)

4. Fighting Instinct (Includes Courage and Hardness) (10 Points)

 

SchH II

Part A -Tracking (100 Points)

Search for articles on a track from 600-700 paces long, 30 minutes old, laid by a stranger.

 

Part B -Obedience (100 Points)

1. Heeling on Lead (10 Points)

2. Heeling off Lead (15 Points)

3. Walking Sit (5 Points)

4. Walking Down with Recall (10 Points)

5. Retrieving a 1 Kilogram (2 lb. 3 oz.) Dumbbell on Flat Ground (10 Points)

6. Retrieving a 650 gram ( 1 lb. 7 oz.) over a Hurdle 1 Meter High (39 inches) and 1.5 Meters Wide (59 inches) (15 Points)

7. Climbing Jump over a Scaling Wall 1.8 Meters (5 ft. 11 inches) and 1.3 Meters Broad (51 inches) Retrieving an Object (15 Points)

8. Go Out with Down (10 Points)

9. Down Under Distraction (10 Points)

 

Part C -Protection (100 Points)

1. Searching for the Helper (5 Points)

2. Hold and Bark (5 and 5, 10 Points)

3. Escape and Defense ( Escape 10 Points, Defense 30 Points )

4. Escort (5 Points)

5. Surprise Attack, Courage Test and Fighting Instinct (40 Points)

6. Surprise Attack and Courage Test (30 Points)

7. Fighting Instinct (Includes Courage and Hardness) (10 Points)

 

SchH III

Part A -Tracking (100 Points)

Search for articles on a track from 1200-1400 paces long, 50 minutes old, laid by a stranger.

 

Part B -Obedience (100 Points)

1. Heeling off Lead (10 Points)

2. Walking Sit (5 Points)

3. Running Down with Recall (10 Points)

4. Walking Stand-Stay (5 Points)

5. Running Stand-Stay (10 Points)

6. Retrieving a 2 Kilogram (4 lb. 6 oz.) Dumbbell on Flat Ground (10 Points)

7. Retrieving a 650 gram ( 1 lb. 7 oz.) over a Hurdle 1 Meter High (39 inches) and 1.5 Meters Wide (59 inches) (15 Points)

8. Climbing Jump over a Scaling Wall 1.8 Meters (5 ft. 11 inches) and 1.3 Meters Broad (51 inches) Retrieving an Object (15 Points)

9. Go Out with Down (10 Points)

10. Down Under Distraction (10 Points)

 

Part C Protection (100 Points)

1. Searching for the Helper (5 Points)

2. Hold and Bark (5 and 5, 10 Points)

3. Escape and Defense ( Escape 10 Points, Defense 20 Points )

4. Escort (5 Points)

5. Attack, Courage Test and Re-attack (10 plus 10 plus 20, 40 Points)

6. Fighting Instinct (Includes Courage and Hardness) (10 Points)

 

FH

The dog exhibits his tracking ability on a track at least 3 hours old, laid by a stranger, with six ninety degree turns and crossed a minimum of three times at widely spaced points by a fresher decoy track. Four tracking articles, well saturated with the track layers scent are laid on the track at irregular intervals. The articles are found by the dog and are picked up or pointed out. Before the exercise the handler must inform the judge whether the dog will pick up or point out.

 

Ratings

0 – 35 Not Acceptable

36 – 69 Unsatisfactory

70 – 79 Satisfactory

80 – 89 Good (G)

90 – 95 Very Good (Sg)

96 – 100 Excellent (V)

Begin Training your Police Service Dog with KNPV

 

Politiehond I (Police Dog I) is the basic program in KNPV. The starting point in training a dog in KNPV is PH-1. It is the most popular program in Holland. In The Netherlands, starting in the early 1900’s KNVP (Royal Dutch Police Dog Association) has been providing trained and titled working dogs to its police, military, rescue organizations for a fraction of what other countries charged for untitled and untrained dogs.

The KNPV program is separated in three sections. Besides parts 1, 2,& 3 there are two parts of “general outlook”, one for the dog and one for the handler. There is also the opportunity to do the additional exercise”.

We hope here to provide you with some information of the KNVP’s most popular trial, the Keurinsstaat Politiehond One, or PH-1. The PH-1 has 800-1,000 competitors annually. There are three levels of certificates available. Each level requires a certain score. These are: PH-1 Certificate A, this means that the dog achieved a score of 305 out of a possible 435. This certificate is good for a one-year period. The next certificate level is titled PH-1 Certificate and is good for the life of the dog. This requires 348 out of 435 possible. The final level is Certificate “Met Lof”, which is good for life and means that the dog was exceptional, achieving a score of 392 points or more out of 435. The majority of dogs usually earn the standard PH-1 Certificate. Fewer obtain the higher Met Lof score and fewer still obtain the lower score of Certificate A. Trials are offered at local clubs at the provisional level three times a year.

The following is a breakdown of how the points are accomplished, followed by a brief description of the trials and the reasons why they are done.

CATEGORY 1

EXERCISE

POINTS

A. Heeling on a leash

5

B. Heeling off a leash

5

C. Heeling off a leash besides a bicycle

5

D. Down stay away/ out of handler’s sight

5

E. Refusing presented & thrown food

5

F. Refusing food found on the ground

5

G. Not barking under gunfire

5

H. One meter jump over a hedge, stay and return

5

I. Jump/climb over a fence, stay and return

5

J. Jump over a 2 meter ditch, stay and return

5

K. Search/retrieve 3 small articles in a 14 x 14 meter areaArticles include: a small ring, 9mm bullet casing, a key, a button1. manner of search: 62. manner of retrieve: 9

15

Total: 65

Category I relates to the dog’s basic obedience and control. The heeling course, both on and off leash, calls for the dog to switch from the handler’s right to the left side and from the left to the right side at the command of the judge. The course involves right and left turns, stops and about turns similar to basic obedience routines. The heeling is not as precise as it is in Schutzhund, AKC or USPCA trials, but is somewhat loose. The literal translation of the exercise is to “follow on a line”. The main objective here is to follow. Few points are lost in this phase regardless of precision. The bicycle heeling is an extension of the walking phase.

The food refusal is rather unique in that a full suited decoy places or throws food in front of the dog. This exercise requires a great deal of self-control and restraint on the part of the dog because it is the only exercise in which the decoy is not presented as a target for attack. The exercise requires that the dog not taste, touch or smell the food. He must stay and not attack the decoy. The agility is similar to the agility found in French & Belgian Ring Sports. The dog clears the obstacle, stays and waits for the command to return, and then returns and finishes.

Another exercise in the first offering needing comment is the article search. It is a practical exercise designed to be used by the police in the field. It is used to recover evidence of a crime or stolen property. The dog is given 10 minutes to search a grass area 14 x 14 meters for three small objects. The dog is graded according to the intensity of his search, the manner in which he searches and the quality of his retrieve. The dog is also scored on how he returns the object to his handler and his finish. The handler is allowed a maximum of five commands to successfully complete this exercise.

The final exercise of the first offering in most trials is the “Stil zijn” or “Be quiet” temperament test of sorts. This exercise requires that the dog and handler stay in the woods while a 9mm pistol is fired. The dog must not bark for maximum points.

 

CATEGORY 2

EXERCISE

POINTS

A. Swim across a canal 15 meters wide.
1. Wait for a command to swim and return

5

2. Manner of swimming and return

5

B. Swim and retrieve a large object.
1. Wait for command

5

2. Manner of bringing / retrieving large object

5

Total: 65

Since Holland is a low and wet country divided by thousands of canals, it is only normal for an exercise of this type to be included in a police dog trial. The exercise is very practical, especially the portion where the dog is required to retrieve a large object. In the case of the object it is ordinarily a 1 meter long log, 2-3 cm. in diameter. This too, is useful in the recovery of evidence.

In the specialized KNPV for the certificate Rerddingshond or Rescue Dog, the object is a mannequin representing a drowning person. The value of this exercise speaks for itself. During the swimming phases, the dog is scored according to the manner in which he swims. That is, how fast and how straight in a line he swims to cross the canal. He is also scored on his obedience to his handler’s commands. The same applies to the dog retrieval of the log. Once retrieved, the dog must drag it up to the handler and finish.

 

CATEGORY 3

EXERCISE

POINTS

A. Guarding an object
1. manner of guard

5

2. alertness while guarding

5

B. Searching for a large object in woods
1. waiting/manner of following commands

5

2. barking/alerting as to the presence of the object

5

3. guarding of object

5

4. not biting object

5

C. Searching for a person in the woods
1. waiting for command/manner of following command

5

2. manner or search

5

3. alerting/barking as to presence of person

5

4. guarding person

5

5. not biting the guarded person

5

D. Transport of arrests
1. manner of transport

5

2. not biting during transport

5

3. retrieve of fallen metal object

5

E. To force to standstill with a person with a stick
1. wait for command

5

2. manner of chase

5

3. manner of stopping/forcing man to standstill

5

4. fearlessness of stick

5

5. out or let go

5

6. not biting after out

5

7. guarding after out

5

F. To refuse commands of others
1. refuse commands

5

2. out or let go

5

3. not biting after out

5

4. guarding

5

G. Transport of man who had run away and had stick after attack
1. manner of transport

5

2. not biting during transport

5

3. manner of forcing standstill after escape attempt

5

4. out or let go

5

5. not biting after the out

5

6. guarding

5

H. To bring to a standstill a person fleeing on a bicycle
1. wait for command

5

2. manner of pursuit

5

3. manner of stopping person from fleeing

5

4. out or let go

5

5. not biting after out

5

6. guarding

5

I. Transport of person followed by escape attempt
1. manner of transport

5

2. not biting during transport

5

3. not biting before escape

5

4. guarding before escape

5

5. manner of stopping escape

5

6. out after stop/attack

5

7. not biting after out

5

8. guarding

5

J. To stop a man who is shooting a weapon
1. waiting/following commands

5

2. manner of pursuit

5

3. manner of stopping or bringing person to a standstill

5

4. grabbing/attacking arm with gun in it

5

5. out after attack

5

6. not biting after out

5

7. guarding after attack

5

K. Test for firmness of the dog
1. firmness of toughness

5

2. let go

5

3. not biting

5

4. guarding

5

L. Transport followed by an assault on the handler
1. manner of transport

5

2. not biting during transport

5

3. manner of defense

5

4. let go or out

5

5. not biting after out

5

6. guarding

5

M. Recall of dog who is in pursuit
1. follow command

5

2. manner of pursuit prior to recall

5

3. manner of return

5

Total: 330

 

Category III is the heart of KNPV PH-1, it is the part where the decoy and the dog become warriors. In the attack phases, the dog is started 110 meters away from the decoy. When the dog is 30 meters away after reaching speeds of between 32 and 53 miles per hour, the decoy then charges. The two impact. The sound of the impact is similar to the sound of two football helmets coming together. The end result is usually the same. In championship trials the dogs usually win. Several of the top decoys are carted off to area hospitals for treatment of injuries.

During Category III, there are three attacks. The first involves a decoy with a rather long stick, 3 1/2 to 5 feet in length. The handler must yell, “Halt, police” three times before sending the dog. The decoy flees and then turns and charges the dog. Unlike some dog sports involving the stick, in KNPV the decoy’s intention is to run off the dog. After the attack, the decoy fights the dog and then attempts to out the dog using the out command. The dog is scored according to whether or not he responds to the decoys command. The dog then releases from the bite, guards and barks until the handler walks over and searches the decoy. The handler and dog then transport the “prisoner”.

The second attack involves the dog pursuing a fleeing bicyclist. Once the dog apprehends the bicyclist, the dog is commanded to out. After the out and search the handler and dog begin the transport. During the transport, the decoy attacks the handler, the dog is graded according to his defense of his handler. He then is commanded to out and guard the decoy.

The final attack involves the pursuit and attack of a man who has fired several shots at the handler. This attack is from 110 meters. The decoy runs with a bag of pipes, turns and fires several shots at the handler. The dog must pursue and apprehend the decoy. Following the apprehension and attack the decoy opens the bag and grabs these pipes (plastic or aluminum) and strikes the dog with them. The dog is graded according to his courage or firmness. The handler arrives, outs the dog, commands the dog to bark/guard, and collects up the gun, bag, and pipes. He then transports the decoy. During this transport, the handler is assaulted by the decoy. As before, the dog is graded according to his defense of his handler.

Also offered during the third phase are a large article search in a wooded area, a search for a man in the woods, a transport of an intoxicated subject who drops a pipe that the dog must retrieve, and a recall or call-off during an attack.

The article search for the large object usually requires that the dog search and locate a chair, wooden box, or bicycle in the woods. Once located, the dog must bark and not bite the object. The same rules apply to the search for the man in the woods.

The final phase of testing is the recall. In this exercise the dog is sent after a fleeing decoy. Within 50 meters of the decoy the handler recalls the dog. The dog is scored according to the manner of his pursuit, the precision of his recall, and the speed at which he returns.

From the description of the PH-1 trial it should be obvious that the trial is both complex and demanding. It is usually very fast paced.

 

FINAL EXERCISE

EXERCISE

POINTS

To stop a fleeing person who surrenders in time, followed by a transport (Hold and Bark)
1. Waiting and Obeying Command

5

2. Way of pursuit

5

3. Non biting

5

4. Guarding

5

5. Way of transportation

5

Total: 25

 

POINT TOTALS

CATEGORY I

65

CATEGORY II

20

CATEGORY III

330

OUTLOOK OF DOG

10

OUTLOOK OF HANDLER

10

Total: 435

FINAL EXERCISES

25

 

French Ring Protection Dog Training

Protection Dog Sport

French Ring Sport is a personal protection sport. It was developed in France as a way to accurately test potential breeding stock for working ability. French Ring is overseen in the Unites States by NARA (North American Ring Association), which reports to the SCC in France. There has been a recent movement originating in France to make Ring an international sport. This means instead of countries outside of France being considered a French region, each country will “stand on its own”. To further this, Ring in Canada will be overseen by the CRA.

Exercises

When competing in Ring, the dog has no collar or leash on at any time except during the heel on leash. No food rewards or physical corrections are allowed at any time while competing. Also, excessive praise/petting will result in a loss of general outlook points. Points for an exercise will be lost for multiple commands, incorrect commands, or failure of the dog or handler to perform the exercise correctly. Control is emphasized from the moment the dog/handler team walks onto the field, until they leave at the end. Ring Sport consists of a number of exercises. A dog that has been trained for Ring III level of competition will be able to do the following:

Heel on leash -in a pattern determined by the judge with multiple stops and starts, left and right turns

Heel with muzzle -heeling off leash while the dog wears a muzzle in a pattern determined by the judge with multiple stops and starts, left and right turns

Long Sit/Down -done with the handler out of sight, the dog stays in a pre-drawn position 1 min.

Food Refusal -dog is thrown 4 pieces of food (usually meat or cheese) while on a down stay with the handler out of sight. Dog must not eat the food, and if it is “accidentally” thrown into dogs mouth, he must immediately spit it out. The field is also baited with 6 pieces of food, in strategic locations (i.e. by blinds, jumps, area dog runs over during send away, etc.)
High Jump -dog jumps a hurdle on command, then does a return jump on command and comes to a heel position by the handler, minimum hurdle height 0.9m for 8 pts (1m = 39.37in) jump construction

Palisade -dog jumps and climbs over a wooden wall, minimum height 1.7m, then does a return jump and returns to handler

Long Jump -dog jumps a pvc/metal “key” long jump on the ground, minimum length 3m

Positions -the dog is told to sit, stand and down in a pre-drawn order. the handler is 18m away. points are lost for creeping forward during the positions, or failure to perform a position

Thrown Retrieves – the handler throws the item at least 5m, on command the dog retrieves the item and presents it to the handler. the retrieve object can be any object such as a glove, wallet, rolled up sock, glasses case, etc.

Unseen Retrieve -handler and dog are heeling, handler drops the object on the opposite side from the dog, a similar object is placed next to the retrieve object, at a signal dog and handler turn around, and dog is sent to retrieve the object. points lost for mouthing object, 0 points if dog retrieves wrong object

Seen Retrieve -the handler drops the object on the same side as the dog and the dog immediately picks it up, runs completely in front of the handler who then stops walking, then dog returns the object to the handler

Send Away -the dog is told to run in a straight line away from the handler until called, then it returns to the handler

Face Attack -the dog is told to attack a decoy who is facing him about 40m away behaving in a menacing fashion, with out/recall

Fleeing Attack -the dog is told to attack a decoy who is running away, with out/recall after the bite/fight

Defense of Handler -handler, dog and decoy approach each other and have a short conversation, then continue walking. the decoy turns around and comes up behind the handler, and as soon as the decoy “attacks” (obvious “hit” on handler) the handler, the dog bites the decoy. After the dog is told to out, he guards the decoy until recalled. the dog must stay with the handler until the attack, most dogs are taught to heel facing backwards for this exercise

Attack with Gun -the dog attacks a decoy who is firing a gun, twice during the attack, and once after the bite. After the bite/fight, the decoy freezes, the dog lets go and guards the decoy. The decoy tries to escape twice, the dog bites each time, then the handler disarms the decoy and heels the dog away.

Search, Hold, and Bark with Escort -The dog finds the decoy who is hidden in one of six blinds, and barks to indicate the decoy has been found. The decoy attempts to escape, while firing a gun, and the dog stops the decoy by biting. The decoy attempts another escape and fires the gun, dog stops decoy by biting. Handler outs dog, then disarms the decoy and retreats at least 3m. The dog escorts the decoy to a designated spot, preventing two more escape attempts by biting. The dog has no set pattern to run the blinds in as long as he finds the decoy in the allotted time.

Stopped Attack -This is done exactly like the face attack, with the decoy acting menacing and the dog being told to attack. When the dog is 1 to 4m away, the handler calls the dog who returns to the handler without biting the decoy. Points are based on the distance from the decoy when the dog is recalled, with 0 points if the dog bites. the handler must behave in every way exactly the same up until the recall command for the call off and face attack (EX sneeze during one, you better for the other)

Guard of Object -the dog is told to guard an object, and the handler goes to a place out of sight. The handler does not participate in any way again, until it is time to retrieve his dog. The decoy tries three times to steal the object, and the dog stops the decoy each time by biting. as soon as the dog bites, the decoy must freeze for 5 seconds, however if the dog lets go then rebites, the decoy can begin to move. As soon as the decoy begins to move away from the object, the dog lets go to remain close to the object he is guarding. Points are lost for biting to soon, allowing the decoy to move or completely steal the object, being drug away from the object, etc.

INCREMENTS USED FOR THE JUMPS:

Hurdle

Broad Jump

Palisade

Min. 0.9m = 8 pts 3m = 8 pts 1.7m = 8 pts
Inc. .05m = 2 pts .25m = 2 pts 0.1m = 2 pts
Max. 1.2m = 20 pts 4.5m = 20 pts 2.3m = 20 pts

 

Hurdle: 0.9m for 8 points with each additional .05m worth 2 points for a total of 20 possible points/1.2m. Note: on the hurdle, the dog receives half the points for jumping over, and half for jumping back.

Long (Broad) Jump: 3m for 8 points with each additional .25m worth 2 points for a total of 20 possible points/4.5m.

Palisade: 1.7m for 8 points with each additional .1m worth 2 points for a total of 20 possible points/2.3m. Note: on the palisade, the dog receives half the points for jumping in, and half for jumping out.

Dictionary:

  • barrage – Decoy tries to intimidate the dog to stop him from biting. Depending upon the type of attack, this is usually with the baton in front of the decoy.
  • baton – a bamboo stick that has been split multiple times, or pieces of rattan tied together at one end to form a handle.
  • decoy – the person who is protected by a full body suit from dog bites and used to teach a dog to bite.
  • esquive – dodging, evading, etc. to make the dog miss its bite, slow the dog down on the entry, or force the dog to get only a partial bite (shallow bite).
  • entree – entry, when the dog attacks
  • ouvrir la porte – opening the door, When the dog is not intimidated by the decoy, faces the decoy, and bites. EX The dog is sent to attack. The decoy makes the barrage. The dog tries to make his entree. The decoy will “ouvrir la porte” so the dog can bite without being hit.
  • charge – attack by the decoy towards the dog, a charge at the dog
  • SCC – Societe Centrale Canine
  • SCR – Societe Canines Regionales

 

FRENCH RING SPORT

To obtain the Brevet he dog must complete the following exercises:

Heel on leash, 4 points

Refusal of Food (1 piece),10 points

Heel off leash with muzzle, 8 points

Down/stay, (1 minute, handler out of sight),10 points

Defense of handler with gunfire, 30 points

Face (frontal) Attack,(30 Meters/15 seconds), 30 points

General Outlook (attitude of dog/handler etc.), 8 points

Total 100 points

 

To pass the Brevet the dog MUST obtain a minimum of 75 points and receive at least 75% of the available points in each protection exercise.

 

RING I Exercises:

1 meter hurdle, 12 points

Heel on leash, 4 points

Heel off leash with muzzle, 8 points

Down/stay, (1 min., handler out of sight), 10 points

Thrown retrieve, 4 points

Food refusal, (4 pieces), 10 points

Change of positions (6 changes, sit, down, stand at random, handler 18 meters), 20 points

Face attack, (30-50 meters, 15 sec. bite, out & recall), 30 points

Defense of handler, 30 points

Attack with gunfire, (3 gunshots as dog is going to bite, out & guard), 30 points

Fleeing attack, (50-70 meters, out/recall) , 30 points general outlook, 12 points

Total 200 points

 

To move from Ring I to Ring II the dog must receive two qualifying scores (160 of 200) under two different Judges.

 

RING II Exercises:

1.1 meter hurdle (1 meter 12 points), 16 points

Long jump 3.5 meter pit (3 meters 8 points), 2 points

Palisaide (climbing wall, 1.8 meters), 10 points Heel on leash, 4 points

Heel off leash with muzzle, 8 points

Down or Sit stay, (1 min., handler out of sight), 10 points

Thrown retrieve, 4 points

Dropped seen retrieve, (article dropped by handler, seen by dog), 8 points

Food refusal, (4 pieces thrown & several pieces scattered on field), 20 points

Change of positions (6 changes, sit,down,stand at random, handler 18 meters), 20 points

Face attack, (30-50 meters, 15 sec. bite, out & recall), 30 points

Defense of handler, 30 points

Attack with gunfire, (3 gunshots as dog is going to bite, out & guard), 30 points

Search, Bark, Hold, and Escort (Non-directed search), 40 points

Fleeing attack, 30 points

General outlook, 28 points

Total 300 points

 

To move from Ring II to Ring III the dog must receive two qualifying scores (240 of 300) under two different Judges.

 

RING III Exercises:

Hurdle, 1.2 meters (lower heights for less points), 20 points

Long jump 4.5 meter pit (lower heights for less points), 20 points

Palisaded (climbing wall), 2.3 meters, (lower heights for less points), 20 points

Heel on leash, 4 points

Heel off leash with muzzle, 8 points

Down or Sit stay, (1 min., handler out of sight), 10 points

Thrown retrieve, 4 points

Dropped seen retrieve, (article dropped by handler, seen by dog), 8 points

Dropped Unseen retrieve (article drop not seen by dog), 8 points

Food refusal, (4 pieces thrown & several pieces scattered on field.), 20 points

Change of positions (6 changes, sit, down, stand at random, handler 18 meters), 20 points

Send away (30 meters) , 12 points

Face attack, (30-50 meters, 15 sec. bite, out & recall), 30 points

Defense of handler, 30 points

Attack with gunfire, (3 gunshots as dog is going to bite, out & guard), 30 points

Search, Bark, Hold, and Escort (Non-directed search), 40 points

Fleeing attack, 30 points

Stopped attack (same as Face, but call off must be at 2 meters), 20 points

Guard of Object ( three attempts by Decoy to steal object), 30 points

General outlook, 36 points

Total 400 points

 

To stay in Ring III the dog must not receive two scores below 240 in the same year. Ring III’s are rated as: Good 200- 240, Very Good 240-300, Excellent 300-400. To qualify for the Selectifs or pre-championships a dog must be a Ring III and make five trials in one season with an average score above 340 points for all five trials. To go to the “Coupe de France de Ring” or Championship trial the dog must go to three Selectif trials ( the decoys at these trials are very good and the work at these trials is usually VERY difficult as the Judges will often let the decoys “bend” the rules.) The scores from the three Selectifs are again averaged, and the 30 dogs with the highest average scores are allowed to go to the “Coupe”. The “coupe” is judged by a “jury” of Judges and normally worked by only the best Decoys. The Champion of France in Ring is determined by averaging the scores from the “Coupe” and the three Selectifs trials.

French Ring is quite arguably the most difficult dog training sport in the world. It is extremely demanding of both the dog and training team. If a dog can excel in French Ring the dog can undoubtedly also excel in any of the other protection disciplines.

OBEDIENCE COMMANDS:
Heel on and off Leash Volg or Liggen
To Correct the Dog on Heel Terug
To Heel Left and Right Links and Rechts
To Sit Zit
To Sit in Front of Handler Kom Voor
To Lay Down AF or GA Liggen
To Stand Staan or Sta
To Stay Blijf
To Send Ahead Vooruit
To Come Here Kom Hier or Hier
To Speak Luid
To Be Silent Stil or Zwijg
To Jump Over Wooden Wall Hoog
To Jump Over Ditch Over
To Swim Across Lake Over
To Retrieve Article Apport
To Find Article Zoeken
To Get the Attention of the Dog Let Op
Good Boy/Good Girl Braaf
Bad Boy/Bad Girl Foei or Nee
At Ease Vrij
BITE WORK COMMANDS:
To Attack, off Leash 2 x Halt Politie, Stellen
On Leash Bite Work Vast
To Let Go Los or Laat Los
Recall Kom Hier or Nee or Terug
To Guard Object Erop
Transport of Suspect Transport
To Track Down Suspect and Bark Revier(RRR)
To Track Down Large Object and Bark Revier(RRR)
Before every command the Dutch trainers use the name of the dog. So: Dylan – come here, Dylan – Sit, ect. ect.All of these commands are used in the PH I training and certification. In combination with the score-sheet, you will be able to understand the PH I dog.Only one command is allowed.
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